Bordered by open plains to the north and dramatic alpine peaks to the south, Salzburg is an urban oasis in a region of wild beauty. At its heart, straddling the Salzach river, is the Altstadt (the Old Town) which is home to the city’s most historic buildings. On the west banks you can visit the Salzburg Museum, marvel at Salzburg Cathedral and explore the formidable hilltop Fortress Hohensalzburg. On the east bank, you can wander through the beautiful gardens of the Mirabell Palace and take a stroll down the Linzergasse, a famous thoroughfare lined with boutiques, chic restaurants and luxury hotels. For classical music fans, a tour of the city’s key Mozart sites is a must. Visit his birthplace, now a museum detailing his early years, the Mozart-Wohnhaus, a former residence of the Mozarts, and Mozartplatz, which houses a statue of the man himself. Outside of the historic centre, Salzburg offers plenty of attractions. Kapuzinerberg, a tree-studded mountain lying along the eastern banks of the Salzach, is the ideal place for a scenic hike. Head south and you can spend a day exploring the 17th-century Hellbrunn Palace, which is famous for its spectacular fountains and being a filming site for The Sound of Music.