The history of Athens spans over 3,000 years and has been shaped by multiple civilisations. Today the city is a cosmopolitan hub where the contemporary nestles alongside the ancient. Visit the hilltop Acropolis and take a step back in time as you wander amongst these formidable ruins. Nearby in the quaint neighbourhoods of Plaka and Monastiraki you can stroll through cobbled backstreets, shop in bustling markets, and dine at family-run tavernas. In Exarcheia, you’ll encounter Athen’s young, alternative scene. Popular with students, this neighbourhood is a hotspot for live music, bookshops, and casual eateries – it’s also where you’ll find the best museum in the city: the National Archaeological Museum. To see more of the city's modern side, head to Syntagma Square and stroll along Ermou, Athens’ central shopping street. In the upscale district of Kolonaki you can indulge in a little more retail therapy, by browsing the chic boutiques and enjoying fine dining experiences. Kolonaki is also home to the excellent Museum of Cycladic Art and the Benaki Museum. Away from the city, the wider Attica region promises spectacular beaches, luxury seafront resorts, and ancient sites such as the Temple of Poseidon.