Palma is the capital of Majorca, the largest island in the Mediterranean Sea. Habitation can be traced to the Paleolithic period (6000-4000 BC) and the Middle Eastern Pheonicians were the first to colonize the island around the 8th century BC. It was then taken over by the Carthagian Empire and the Romans in 123 BC (they named it Palmaria). It was occupied in the Middle Ages by the Moors and underwent several wars and invasions, culminating in Spanish rule. The island has been transformed since the 1950s by mass tourism and caused Palma to grown considerably. In 1983 it became the capital of the Balearic Islands.