The Italian region of Tuscany and the province of Florence share this capital city. One of the wealthiest cities of medieval Europe, Florence’s history is part of its fame. Considered the place where the Renaissance started, it has been referred to as the Athens of the Middle Ages. It has had many revolutions throughout history and was the capital of the Kingdom of Italy from 1865-71. Due to its great history, the centre of Florence attracts millions of visitors and has been declared an UNESCO World Heritage Site. It started life as a Roman city and, according to the Encyclopaedia Britannica, it was politically, economically and culturally one of the most important cities in Europe and the world from the 14th to the 16th century. The hills of Poggio Imperiale, Bellosguardo, Arcetri, Settignano, Fiesole and Careggi form a basin in which the city lies. The Arno River and three lesser ones flow through it.
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