With 300 days of sunshine a year, it'd be rude not to sunbathe on the beaches of Kos. Paradise Beach is a highlight, since it has the kind of sun-kissed sand and crystalline waters you'd expect on a desert island. Added to that, this beach has an unusual trait: bubbles! A trademark of the volcanic energy beneath the ocean floor.
Medieval architecture and Venetian buildings sit alongside palm fringed promenades and a pretty harbour, all of which add to the ambience of Kos Town. Historical highlights include the 15th-century Castle of the Knights of Saint John, and the religious sanctuary Asklepieion, which was founded in the 3rd century BC and devoted to the god of healing, Asclepius.
The volcanic background of Kos has created several underwater caves and reefs, which are ripe for exploration on a scuba diving expedition. Alternatively, you could stay above the water, capitalise on strong summer breezes, and give windsurfing a go. Both activities are sure to get your heart racing and adrenaline pumping.
The cobblestone square of Plateia Platanou is where you'll find Hippocrates' plane tree, where the 'Father of Medicine' reputedly taught his pupils. Plane trees don't live for more than 200 years, making this one of Europe's oldest. To preserve the tree, scaffolding is in place to keep Hippocrates' legacy alive and allow visitors to take shade under its historic branches.
On a daily basis, boats set sail from Kos to destinations including the circular bay of Pserimos, the volcanic island of Nisyros, and the sponge diving hotspot Kalymnos. You can even take a day-trip to Bodrum in Turkey, where the 15-century portside Castle of St Peter awaits.